Women who work two or more night shifts in one week may have a greater risk of miscarriage the following week — ScienceDaily

Working two or more night shifts in a week may increase a pregnant woman’s risk of miscarriage the following week by around a third, shows a prospective study published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine. Previous studies have suggested that pregnant women face a greater risk of miscarriage if they work night shifts, but they…

Research demonstrates value of Amazon Echo and Google Home during medical procedures — ScienceDaily

-Smart speakers that are customarily used in your living room can be programmed to act as an aid to physicians in hospital operating rooms, according to new research presented today at the Society of Interventional Radiology’s 2019 Annual Scientific Meeting. Smart speakers, such as the Amazon Echo and Google Home, offer a conversational voice interface…

Knockout of Ptpn21 alters deformability — ScienceDaily

Scientists at Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Georgia Tech have found that modulating blood-forming stem cells’ stiffness could possibly facilitate mobilization procedures used for stem cell-based transplants. Temporary squishiness could help drive blood-forming stem cells out of the bone marrow and into the blood, but the cells need to…

Citizen science programs provide valuable data on intermittent rivers in southwestern US — ScienceDaily

A University of Oklahoma-led project is showing how citizen science programs provide valuable data on rivers in southwestern United States. The datasets of ecological and hydrological data obtained from intermittent rivers (rivers that dry at some point in space or time) in Arizona are input into a nationwide network. Trained citizen scientists are mapping three…

Kicking neural network automation into high gear — ScienceDaily

A new area in artificial intelligence involves using algorithms to automatically design machine-learning systems known as neural networks, which are more accurate and efficient than those developed by human engineers. But this so-called neural architecture search (NAS) technique is computationally expensive. One of the state-of-the-art NAS algorithms recently developed by Google took 48,000 hours of…

Are there Zika reservoirs in the Americas? Researchers first needed to know if virus could be detected in feces — ScienceDaily

Most emerging infectious diseases affecting people are zoonotic — they make the jump from other animals to humans. Transmission, however, is a two-way street. These zoonotic diseases can also jump from humans to other animals. Even if a disease is eradicated in humans, it can live on in animals that act as reservoirs, ensuring that…