Experiments with mice show involvement of gut bacteria and spleen in this heart pathology — ScienceDaily

Growing older and a high-fat diet enriched with omega 6 fatty acids are major contributors to health risks ranging from diabetes to heart failure. How these two factors regulate the immune response is not well-understood. Ganesh Halade, Ph.D., and colleagues at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and other institutions have investigated how aging and…

How the humble marigold outsmarts a devastating tomato pest — ScienceDaily

Scientists have revealed for the first time the natural weapon used by marigolds to protect tomato plants against destructive whiteflies. Researchers from Newcastle University’s School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, carried out a study to prove what gardeners around the world have known for generations — marigolds repel tomato whiteflies. Publishing their findings today (1…

Bacteria in frog skin may help fight fungal infections in humans — ScienceDaily

In the past few decades, a lethal disease has decimated populations of frogs and other amphibians worldwide, even driving some species to extinction. Yet other amphibians resisted the epidemic. Based on previous research, scientists at the INDICASAT AIP, Smithsonian and collaborating institutions knew that skin bacteria could be protecting the animals by producing fungi-fighting compounds.…

Machine learning expands to help predict and characterize earthquakes — ScienceDaily

With a growing wealth of seismic data and computing power at their disposal, seismologists are increasingly turning to a discipline called machine learning to better understand and predict complicated patterns in earthquake activity. In a focus section published in the journal Seismological Research Letters, researchers describe how they are using machine learning methods to hone…

More efficient chemical processes across spectrum of industries — ScienceDaily

Chemical processes that are more efficient and less expensive may be coming to industries ranging from battery manufacturing to detergent production thanks to an Oregon State University researcher’s work advancing metal oxides as catalysts. The findings, by a collaboration that included scientists from the University of Delaware, were published in Nature Catalysis. A catalyst increases…