Are there Zika reservoirs in the Americas? Researchers first needed to know if virus could be detected in feces — ScienceDaily

Most emerging infectious diseases affecting people are zoonotic — they make the jump from other animals to humans. Transmission, however, is a two-way street. These zoonotic diseases can also jump from humans to other animals. Even if a disease is eradicated in humans, it can live on in animals that act as reservoirs, ensuring that…

The stress of spaceflight gives viruses a holiday from immune surveillance, putting future deep-space missions in jeopardy — ScienceDaily

Herpes viruses reactivate in more than half of crew aboard Space Shuttle and International Space Station missions, according to NASA research published in Frontiers in Microbiology. While only a small proportion develop symptoms, virus reactivation rates increase with spaceflight duration and could present a significant health risk on missions to Mars and beyond. NASA’s rapid…

Hip replacement patients can skip hip precautions, study suggests — ScienceDaily

Low-risk patients undergoing a total hip replacement with a posterior approach can skip the standard hip precautions currently recommended for post-surgical recovery, according to a new study conducted at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS), in New York City. Eliminating standard precautions in this population did not increase the risk of hip dislocation, according to the…

College campuses are thinking about lactation spaces — but could be doing more — ScienceDaily

A college campus may not seem like a place that requires extensive lactation support. But while most undergraduates don’t have children, several populations within these higher-education environments — graduate students, faculty, staff, visitors — may need access to breastfeeding and pumping spaces. Diane Spatz of the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing and the Children’s…

The ABS of molecular engines — ScienceDaily

Peroxisomes are cell organelles that carry out a number of functions, including the degradation of cytotoxins. For this purpose, they require enzymes that have to be transported into peroxisomes via complicated machinery. The team from the research group Biochemistry of Intracellular Transport Mechanisms at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) headed by Professor Harald Platta has detected an…