Thermal stress measurements sound the alarm about drought conditions sooner — ScienceDaily

More than 2 billion people worldwide are affected by water shortages, wildfires, crop losses, forest diebacks or other environmental or economic woes brought on by drought. A new monitoring method developed at Duke University allows scientists to identify the onset of drought sooner — meaning conservation or remediation measures might be put into place sooner…

No link found between MMR vaccine and autism, even among children with other risk factors for autism — ScienceDaily

A nationwide cohort study of all children born in Denmark to Danish-born mothers between 1999 through 2010 concluded that the mumps, measles, and rubella (MMR) vaccine does not increase the risk of autism, does not trigger autism in susceptible children, and is not associated with clustering of autism cases following vaccination. The findings are published…

New tabletop method uses a strong laser pulse to characterize electron spin in iron thin films — ScienceDaily

Magnetic materials have a worldwide market share of some $50 billion per year. A new frontier in the study of these materials, femtomagnetism, could lead to ultrafast magnetic storage devices that would transform information processing technologies with storage devices several orders of magnitude faster. Now, researchers report a tabletop method to characterize such a faster…

Study provides framework for cities seeking equitable legislation to curb the spread of bedbugs — ScienceDaily

Laws that require landlords to disclose bed bug infestations help combat the spread of the insects and protect the health of potential tenants. According to a new study, these laws also lead to cost savings, on average, for landlords within five years. Researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania published…

An international team gauges the coming threat of mosquito-borne diseases — ScienceDaily

Outbreaks of mosquito-borne illnesses like yellow fever, dengue, Zika and chikungunya are rising around the world. Climate change has created conditions favorable to mosquitoes’ spread, but so have human travel and migration and accelerating urbanization, creating new mini-habitats for mosquitoes. In today’s Nature Microbiology, a large group of international collaborators combined these factors into prediction…