4.5 million-year old fossil shows evidence of greater reliance on bipedalism than previously suggested — ScienceDaily

The oldest distinguishing feature between humans and our ape cousins is our ability to walk on two legs — a trait known as bipedalism. Among mammals, only humans and our ancestors perform this atypical balancing act. New research led by a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine professor of anatomy provides evidence for greater…

The tool, called CaImAn, replaces the process of manually tracking the location and activity of neurons — ScienceDaily

Tracking the firings of individual neurons is like trying to discern who is saying what in a football stadium full of screaming fans. Until recently, neuroscientists have had to tediously track each neuron by hand. “People spent more time analyzing their data to extract activity traces than actually collecting it,” says Dmitri Chklovskii, who leads…

New research demonstrates potential solutions as transmission networks evolve to use multicore fiber — ScienceDaily

Searching for better security during data transmission, governments and other organizations around the world have been investing in and developing technologies related to quantum communication and related encryption methods. Researchers are looking at how these new systems — which, in theory, would provide unhackable communication channels — can be integrated into existing and future fiber-optic…

New machine learning approach could give a big boost to the efficiency of optical networks — ScienceDaily

New work leveraging machine learning could increase the efficiency of optical telecommunications networks. As our world becomes increasingly interconnected, fiber optic cables offer the ability to transmit more data over longer distances compared to traditional copper wires. Optical Transport Networks (OTNs) have emerged as a solution for packaging data in fiber optic cables, and improvements…